Title: Effects of difructose dianhydride (DFA)-IV on in vitro fertilization in pigs
Authors: Young-Joo Yi1,2, S. Kamala-Kannan1, Jeong-Muk Lim1, Byung-Taek Oh1, Sang-Myeong Lee1,2
Institutions: 1Division of Biotechnology, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 54596, Korea; 2Safety, Environment and Life Science Institute, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 54596, Korea.
Abstract: Difructose dianhydride IV (DFA-IV) is produced from levan, which is a natural polysaccharide that belongs to the fructan family, through the activity of levan fructotransferase (LF) derived from microorganisms. Recently, DFA-IV has been expected to have diverse applications in the food and medical industry. Here, we examined the potential application of DFA-IV for in vitro fertilization (IVF) in pigs. In the assessment of acrosomal integrity during incubation, intact acrosomal or viable spermatozoa were highly sustained in 0.1% or 0.25% DFA-IV (69.8%-70.8%, P < 0.05). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels during sperm incubation decreased following the addition of DFA-IV, and 0.1%-0.5% DFA-IV in particular significantly decreased ROS production relative to that seen with no addition or 0.75% DFA-IV. Total fertilization (mono + polyspermic oocyte) rate was significantly higher in the addition of 0.1% DFA-IV (94.2%) than with other concentrations (71.8%-86.7%, P < 0.05). When using reduced IVF times and lower sperm numbers, we found that addition of 0.1%–0.5% DFA-IV significantly increased the fertilization rate (P < 0.05). Fertilized oocytes treated with 0.1% DFA-IV exhibited higher embryonic development and blastocyst formation than those treated with other concentrations (P < 0.05). Consequently, the addition of DFA-IV during IVF improved fertilization and embryonic development, suggesting the possible use of novel sugars for enhancement of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in mammals.
Keywords: difructose dianhydride-IV, spermatozoa, in vitro fertilization, embryo, pig
Full Text: JBR-2016-0115.pdf
J Biomed Res published on 20 April, 2017, doi:10.7555/JBR.31.20160115